Our biodiversity work focuses on the links between biodiversity, conservation and local people's livelihoods. At SRADHA we understand that biodiversity is the occurrence of different types of ecosystems, different species of organisms with the whole range of their variants and genes adapted to different climates, environments along with their interactions and processes. We understand that the biodiversity has the following importance: Productive values, Consumptive value, Social value, Aesthetic value, Legal values, Ethical value, Ecological value, Economic value. The different factors responsible for causing threat to biodiversity are as follows: Habitat destruction:, Habitat fragmentation, Pollution:, Over exploitation, Introduction of exotic species:, Diseases, Shifting or Jhum cultivation, Poaching of wild life. In this background SRADHA has been working for conservation of biodiversity.
Conservation of Biodiversity:
At SRADHA we are sensitizing people to take proper care for the preservation of biodiversity in all its form and good health for the future generation. We train youths and indigenous communities on conservation of biodiversity: its protection, upliftment and scientific management of biodiversity so as to maintain it at its threshold level and derive sustainable benefits for the present and future generation.
In biodiversity conservation and management programme SRADHA has three basic objectives:
(a) To maintain essential ecological processes and life supporting systems.
(b) To preserve the diversity of species.
(c) To make sustainable utilisation of species and ecosystems.
Strategies for Conservation of Biodiversity:
The following strategies are undertaken in order to conserve biodiversity:
- All the possible varieties (old or new) of food, forage and timber plants, live stock, agriculture animals and microbes to be conserved.
- All the economically important organisms in protected areas to be identified and conserved.
- Critical habitats for each species to be identified and safeguarded.
- Priority to be given to preserve unique ecosystems.
- There should be sustainable utilisation of resources.
- International trade in wild life to be highly regulated.
- The poaching and hunting of wildlife to be prevented as far as practicable.
- Care to be taken for the development of reserves and protected areas.
- Efforts to be made to reduce the level of pollutants in the environment.
- Public awareness to be created regarding biodiversity and its importance for the living organisms.
- Priority to be given in wildlife conservation programme to endangered species over vulnerable species and to vulnerable species over rare species.
- The habitats of migratory birds to be protected by bilateral and multilateral agreement.
- The over exploitation of useful products of wild life to be prevented.
- The useful animals, plants and their wild relatives to be protected both in their natural habitat (in-situ) and in zoological botanical gardens (ex-situ)
- Efforts to be made for setting up of National parks and wild life sanctuaries to safeguard the genetic diversity and their continuing evolution.
- Environmental laws to be strictly followed.
SRADHA is engaged in promoting
- The conservation of wetlands and enhancing the quality of wetland ecosystems in Fresh water Lakes;
- The conservation of biodiversity, and the wise use of wetland ecosystems and
- The integration of socio-economic development of local communities with nature conservation;
SRADHA has supported 1500 families from 15 local communities belonging to marginalized communities who are integrated with the programme to conserve its bio-diversity. These stakeholders are groups involved in livelihood activities like fisheries, agriculture, animal husbandry, wildlife cropping, tourism, etc. and groups that value, and benefit from maintenance of biological diversity, groundwater recharge, water treatment, storage of floodwaters, etc.